The membrane transport of lemon grass palladium metallic nanoparticles and their synergistic action on plasma membrane integrity concerning endosmosis and fatality in Culex pipiens mosquito larvae
Sachin B Ghar, Yamilee K Das, R M Mulani
The lemon grass palladium metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are 20 ±1 nm in size, oval shape, and can enter a cell via a plasma membrane. The essential lipid bilayer is primarily composed of proteins and lipids. The protein portion of the membrane facilitates the transport of any molecules from the outside to the inside of the cell. The transport form of proteins is called transptransporters, ion channels that allow molecules inside the cell. The nanoparticle also follows the same route to enter the cell and pass through protein structures. Once the NPs enter the cell, they initiate their actual mechanism for the degradation of the plasma membrane in mosquito larvae by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) via a sequence of reactions, and finally, due to endosmosis and loss of equilibrium fluid from the outside environment enter the cells, of mosquito larvae, and it kills the mosquito larvae. In the current research, we have explored the exact mechanism of ROS and the consequent mechanism for the death of larvae. Finally, we concluded that endosmosis is the fatal entity in larvae.
Sachin B Ghar, Yamilee K Das, R M Mulani. The membrane transport of lemon grass palladium metallic nanoparticles and their synergistic action on plasma membrane integrity concerning endosmosis and fatality in Culex pipiens mosquito larvae. International Journal of Zoology Studies, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 1-5