Insects pest (Maize Stem Borer) management: A review article
Riyes UN Aziz, S Gaherwal
Insect pests attacking maize crop in India are maize stem borer, Chilo partellus; pink borer, Sesamia uniformis; corn aphid, Rhopalosiphum maidi; cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon; shoot bug, Peregrinus maidis; stemfly, Atherigona soccata; Red hairy caterpillar, Amsacta moorei; thrips, Baliothrips holorphnus; coreid bug, Riptortus linearis; Heteronychus loideres and webber, Sathrobrota simplex. Maize stem borer damage to maize crop includes tunneling within the stalk, production of “Dead hearts”, interruption in the flow of nutrients to the ear, and leaf feeding. Appearance of “shot-hole” damage to whorl leaves is the first symptoms of Maize stem borer injury. Inspite of the rich diversity of plants of economic importance in India and little is known about the biological aspect of plant extracts in India. The plant extracts must be given top priority in integrated pest management (IPM).