Distribution and status of butterfly (Order: Lepidoptera) fauna with some habitats in Lucknow city, India
Butterflies are one of the most admired insects because they present brilliant pattern of coloration, metamorphosis birth and striking reproduction, nutrition behavior and death. The wide distribution of butterflies in the study site is an important element in the dynamic of this urban ecosystem. The butterflies are recognized by the scientific community as bio indicator as well as good pollinator. Regular survey was conducted from September 2016 to August 2017 during day time (7.00AM-11.00AM). Nine hundred and thirty individuals of butterflies have seen from various study sites, which include 35 identified species belonged to 27 genera and 6 families viz., Nymphalidae-Brush-footed Butterfly family was the most dominant with 12 species followed by Pieridae-White and yellows (8), Lycaenidae-Blues (5), Danaidae-The tigers (5), Hespiridae-Skippers (2), Papilionidae-Swallotails (3). The calculated values of population of butterflies showed that from district Lucknow the highest diversity was obtained from SS-3 and lowest diversity was obtained from SS -4. All sites were selected on the basis of their position in vegetation and accessibility.