Prevalence of Babesia parasites infection of dogs in Gashua Metropolis, Yobe state, North-Eastern Nigeria
Abah OOI, Audu PA, Dagona MB, Ughoeke ML
A survey of Babesia parasites of dogs in Gashua metropolis, Yobe State, north-eastern, Nigeria; was undertaken between January and April, 2019. The dogs were examined for Babesia parasites in relations to localities, sex and breed of dogs. Out of 125 dogs that were examined parasitologically, 79(63.2%) had Babesia parasites. The highest prevalence was observed in March, while the female dogs were most infected. The dogs examined at the Katuzu area of Gashua had the highest prevalence of Babesia parasites. The result has shown that exotic breeds of dogs were most infected compare to the local breed with stronger immunity against the parasites due to frequent exposure. The high prevalence of Babesia parasites observed in the present study suggests that dogs in Gashua metropolis harbours more brown dogticks which are potential source of zoonotic diseases in the area. A shift from curative to preventive measures involving the Elimination of the tick vectors is therefore recommended.