Analysis of physico-chemical parameters of water and soil in relation to fish culture of Borina pond, Chargavan, Teh Rithi, Dist. Katni, Madhya Pradesh, India
Balmahendra Prajapati, Dr. Umesh Pandey, Pramod Prajapati
During last few years there has been an increasing trend to monitoring water quality and soil analysis of various fresh water bodies for fish culture and drinking purpose by regular measurement of their physico-chemical characteristics. Bornia pond is situated in tehsil Rithi of district, Katni (M.P.) and lies at latitude 23'90" N and longitude 81°14" E. It is a perennial big pond and spread in about 15.40 hectares area. The depth of pond becomes about 15 meters in rainy season and mainly used for irrigation and fish culture. This study was carried out during November 2014 to October 2016. Four sampling stations were selected for the physico-chemical studies of water quality and soil analysis. Various physico-chemical parameters of water like temperature, transparency, pH, dissolved oxygen, free carbon dioxide, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, conductivity, total alkalinity, total solids, calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, total hardness, chloride contents Nitrate, phosphate and potassium contents were measured. The soil samples are analysed in with respect to colour, plasticity, phosphorus, nitrogen, sodium, potassium, electrical conductivity and other micronutrient elements (Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, S, B).