This study was carried out in three regions (Dakar, Thiès and Diourbel) of Senegal in order to characterize the production systems of Ladoum breeding sheep in urban areas of Senegal. Data are collected from 49 herds from a survey which focused on: ethnic distribution of breeders, their socio-professional profiles, methods of ownership of animals, herd size and demographic compositions. The data collected were analyzed using Excel spreadsheet. Results show that the majority (59.2%) of Ladoum sheep breeders belong to the Wolof ethnic group. Most of sheep breeders are involved in activities other than animal husbandry. The majority of herds (94%) are individually owned. The average herd size is 16 ± 11.9 heads with extremes ranging from 3 to 64 individuals. Most of the herds (65.3%) contain more than 10 heads. The majority of the herds are comprised of ewes with an overall percentage of 38.3% of the population, but rams are also present in large numbers (14.2%). The main motivations for rearing Ladoum sheep are: passion, income generation and social functions. The main constraints are health, feeding, theft and housing. Ladoum sheep breeding deserves better attention from public authorities which should capitalize on the experiences of breeders to design development strategies for sheep farming within the framework of the national sheep self-sufficiency program.