Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2019)
Evidences of cheloniophagy by early hominid (Homo erectus) during middle of pleistocene from beds of trinil’s layers in central Java (Indonesia), with an updated list of trinil’s testudines, and a redescription of Duboisemys isoclina (Dubois, 1908)
Author(s): Hans-Volker Karl, Amtyaz Safi, Hans-Dieter Philippen
Abstract: This paper based on a case study, which was accomplished at the beds of Trinil’s layers in central Java (Indonesia). The collections of fossils from this site support the evidences of turtle’s consumption by hominin (Homo erectus) of the middle Pleistocene epoch. The taxonomy and identification of Chelonian fauna accompanying of the Homo erectus of Trinil’s layers in central Java were taken and described from this site. The illustration and revise systematic and taxonomic status of fossil records of Duboisemys isoclina (Testudines: Geoemydidae) of the middle Pleistocene deposits from this site were described and completely illustrated during this study. The manufacturing of stone tools and their use to access animal tissues by hominins of middle Pleistocene marks the origin of a key adaptation in hominin evolutionary history. We found situ archaeological assemblage from the beds of Trinil’s layers in central Java (Indonesia), which provides a unique combination of faunal remains, some with direct evidences of butchery while some with indirect. This site provides the oldest in situ evidences that hominid (Homo erectus) predated and enjoyed access to carcasses of terrestrial and aquatic testudines’ that they butchered. The fossils of following Chelonian’s species were discovered from the beds of Trinil layers in central Java: Chitra chitra javanensis, Pelochelys cantorii, Amyda cartilaginea, Batagur affinis affinis, Orlitia borneensis, Duboisemys isoclina and Megalochelys sp.