Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2019)
Studies on the endocrine and metabolic correlates of polycystic ovary syndrome in district Rahim Yar Khan
Author(s): Zaib-Un-Nisa, TJ Ursani, Shamsuddin Shaikh, Jawaid A Khokhar, Naheed Shah
Abstract: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that affects women during their child bearing years and leads to reproductive and metabolic complications. The clinical manifestations of PCOS are varied and characterized of functional hyperandrogenism (clinical and biochemical), menstrual irregularities, chronic anovulation, polycystic ovaries and increase infertility. In reproductive complications, the majority of PCOS subjects exhibit metabolic disturbances such as obesity, hyperinsulinemia increased risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases. In this present study the observational record accumulated through the standard visits of OPD at Sheikh Zaid Hospital, Al-Saeed complex and Salman Medicare Rahim Yar Khan was accomplished to collect data from April 2017 to November 2017. Total 206 PCOS patients were examined. The maximum numbers of patients were from urban population (57%) and minimum from rural population (43%). Obesity, hirsutism and mood swing found much more in both urban as well as in rural population (28%), (23%), (16%) respectively. Whereas the ratios of other symptoms are fewer like anxiety (8%), panic attack (4%), depression (7%), difficulty Concentraning (3%), fatigue (3%), and chronic stress (6%), and sleep apnea (2%). (27%) subjects were suffering from diabetes, (19%) suffering from kidney stone, (13%) suffering from CVD and (41%) are controlled.