Vol. 3, Issue 5 (2018)
Diversity and distribution of zooplankton in selected stretch of river Narmada, Madhya Pradesh
Author(s): Akhilesh Yadav, Sudhir Mehra, QJ Shammi
Abstract: Zooplankton diversity is one of the most important ecological parameters in water quality assessment and monitors the health of any aquatic ecosystem. Zooplankton is good indicator of the changes in water quality because they are strongly affected by environmental conditions and due to their short life cycle, these communities often respond quickly to environmental change and water quality. They occupy an intermediate link between phytoplankton and fish. Hence qualitative and quantitative studies of zooplankton are of great importance. Zooplankton formed important quantitative component of net plankton of the four parts; Rotifera dominantly contributed to their abundance while Cladocera-Copepoda>Protozoa>Ostracoda were sub-dominant groups. The water samples were collected during the January 2015 to April 2017 from five sampling sites of selected stretch of river Narmada. During entire study period, a total of 76 species were found in all five sampling stations. Among these, Rotifera are dominating group comprise of 28 species (36.84%), Cladocera comprise of 16 species (21.05%), Copepoda of 16 species (21.05%), Protozoa of 11 species (14.47%) while Ostracoda is least diverse group comprise of only 5 species (6.58%). The study aims to assess the diversity and distribution of zooplanktons in River Narmada.