Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)
Epidemiological outline of animal bites in Bandar Abbas County, Iran
Author(s): Seyed Mohsen Mohebbi Nodez, Mousa Khosravani, Mahnoosh Khosravi, Sajjad Fekri, Seyed Aghil Jaberhashemi
Abstract: Rabies as a viral zoonotic disease is widespread particularly in developing territories. It mostly transmits through bite or scratch of animals such as dog and cat. According to WHO, rabies responsible for thousands of human mortality. Our data included all animal bite cases in Bandar Abbas county between 2012-2016 period. Many features of cases are recorded in a database of the center for disease control and prevention (CDC). These characteristics analyzed by Chi-square test. Out of 2887 individuals who injured by animals, 2298 (79.59%) were men and 589 (20.4%) were female. In total, 65.53% and 34.46% of reported bite were from urban and rural areas, respectively. The 21-40 age category (57.01%) were common victims. The feet with hand together were the highest involvement part of the body (91.61%). Domestic dogs were the most acting animal of the wound (72.67%). The most bites occurred in the spring (27.39%) and winter (27.43%) seasons. Most of the owners have no enough experience on keep animal in their home or workplaces. Therefore, training the technics of animal maintenance and handling a dog attack or agitate can decrease the risk. Also, the collar should be used for control and identification of dog in rural areas since most of them were shepherd or guardian dogs in these territories. Most of the monkeys are smuggled into Iran across the borders. Notably, the number of emergency units should be increased in remote areas for people who seek medical attention in case of an animal bite.