Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Population size & population density of rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann, 1780) in Bir Bara Ban conservation reserve forest in district Jind, Haryana (India)
Author(s): Pawan Kumar Sharma, Vikas Sikerwal, Ajay Kumar
Abstract: The Rhesus Macaque which is a “Least Concern” species (IUCN, 2012) has been put in the Schedule-II category by the Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972 (amended in 2002). Direct sighting method and line transect method was used during fortnightly periodic visits from December, 2015 to November, 2016 to record population density of Rhesus Monkey Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann, 1780). Monthly variation of total numbers of Rhesus Monkey varied from a minimum of 205 individuals (102.50±1.50 average numbers) in month of March to a maximum of 284 individuals (142.00±0.00 average numbers) in month of October with an average of 252.41± 5.28 individuals. Seasonal variation in total numbers (with average number) of Rhesus Monkey, varied from a minimum of 717 individuals (239.00±1.70 average number) in summer season to a maximum of 781 individuals (260.33±1.28 average number) in autumn season with an average of 757.25±14.08 individuals. The monthly variation in population density/Km2 of Rhesus Monkey varied from a minimum of 401.96 individuals/Km² (200.98±2.94 average population density/Km2) in month of March to a maximum of 556.86 individuals/Km² (278.43±0.00 average population density/Km2) in month of October with an average of 494.92±10.35 individuals/Km². Seasonal variation of population density/Km2 of Rhesus Monkey varied from a minimum of 1405.88 individuals/Km² (468.59±33.33 average population density/Km2) in summer season to a maximum of 1531.37 individuals/Km² (510.44±25.12 average population density/Km2) in autumn season with an average of 1484.31 ±27.61 individuals/Km². Various type of minor variation in the total number and population density of Rhesus Monkey in various months as well as seasons (winter, summer, monsoon and autumn) may be due to the effect of searching of food items toward road side (Because people through food items on Jind- Hansi road), Man- Monkey conflict with their domestic animals, i.e., Dogs, Holy temple nearby the forest area, particular day (Tuesday); increase humans activities in forest area and less water resources available in forest area.