International Journal of Zoology Studies

International Journal of Zoology Studies


ISSN: 2455-7269

Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)

Mitochondrial DNA reveals some ecological and evolutionary patterns that confer survival and reproduction values to various flies

Author(s): Naina Khullar, Devinder Singh, Chandan Kumar Jha
Abstract: Flies were collected from various garbage dumping sites. These were then morphologically identified and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) typing was performed for these. Then phylogenetic tree was attempted for deriving the inter relationships among these flies. Finally, these were analyzed for Phylogenetic niche conservation studies (PNC). Analysis revealed that all these species have retained certain niche related attributes all through the phylogeny (viz. these occupy same niche which is advantageous to the flies for oviposition and increase the probability of mate finding. Also, most of these flies have been found to obey Bergmann`s rule and larger body size connote some competitive advantage to these flies for better survival. Apart from this, some relevance of anautogeny in these flies also hint some relevance with fly borne diseases.
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