Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)
Study to assess the nutrient dynamics of the well water of Sakthikulangara locality of Kollam District, Kerala, India
Author(s): Divya S Rajan
Abstract: Water is the wonderful entity that is instrumental in origin and sustenance of all forms of life on earth, it is quite natural that this unique gift of nature is of paramount importance in the health of individuals and community. Hence an attempt has been made to assess the well water quality of the water samples collected from ten wells of Sakthikulangara coastal region of Kollam District. The present study is about the comparative analysis of drinking water from ten different regions of Sakthikulangara namely Temple Nagar, Edamanakkavu, Mallezhuthumukku, Minicapithan, Kavanad, Vattakayal, Kayikkara, Venkulangara, Maniyathumukku, Chepallil were analysed for the estimation of pH, nutrients such as nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, silicate by standard methods. The study revealed that the drinking water in the areas of Temple Nagar, Mallezhuthumukku and Maniyathumukku were showing an acidic pH and an increase in nitrite, nitrate and silicate content than other stations. It was polluted and it was harmful for use, so that the water became non-potable. The main reason for the water pollution is disposal of sewage, hospital waste and mainly industrial influences. Pollution in coastal area is mainly due to the influence of fertilizer industries and use of different chemical pesticides in crop field, sewage disposal etc. The results obtained in the present analysis revealed that the discharge of sewage, industrial and municipal waste etc. have contributed considerable pollution in well water samples in coastal region. There is an urgent need to protect well water samples from further water quality degradations in future. So it is necessary to protect our valuable water resources. The pollution of water causes different water borne diseases in day to day life, so it is our duty to protect water resources from all polluting factors and save our motherland.